体育彩票多乐彩开奖结果查询: CD137 (Protein | Antibody | cDNA Clone | ELISA Kit)

All CD137 reagents are produced in house and quality controlled, including 9 CD137 Antibody, 69 CD137 Gene, 10 CD137 Lysate, 13 CD137 Protein, 3 CD137 qPCR. All CD137 reagents are ready to use.

CD137 Background

CD137 (also known as 4-1BB) is a surface co-stimulatory glycoprotein originally described as present on activated T lymphocytes, which belongs to the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor superfamily. It is expressed mainly on activated CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, and binds to a high-affinity ligand (4-1BBL) expressed on several antigen-presenting cells such as macrophages and activated B cells. Upon ligand binding, 4-1BB is associated with the tumor necrosis factor receptor–associated factors (TRAFs), the adaptor protein which mediates downstream signaling events including the activation of NF-kappaB and cytokine production. 4-1BB signaling either by binding to 4-1BBL or by antibody ligation delivers signals for T-cell activation and growth, as well as monocyte proliferation and B-cell survival, and plays an important role in the amplification of T cell-mediated immune responses. In addition, CD137 and CD137L are expressed in different human primary tumor tissues, suggesting that they may influence the progression of tumors. Crosslinking of CD137 on activated T cells has shown promise in enhancing anti-tumor immune responses in murine models, and agonistic anti-CD137 antibodies are currently being tested in phase I clinical trials. Soluble forms of CD137 (sCD137) are generated by differential splicing. sCD137 can bind to CD137 ligand to antagonize the costimulatory activities of the membrane-bound CD137 and reduce T cell proliferation and IL-2 secretion.

CD137 References

  • Sica G, et al. (1999) Biochemical and immunological characteristics of 4-1BB (CD137) receptor and ligand and potential applications in cancer therapy. Arch Immunol Ther Exp (Warsz). 47(5): 275-9.
  • Nam KO, et al. (2005) The therapeutic potential of 4-1BB (CD137) in cancer. Curr Cancer Drug Targets. 5(5): 357-63.
  • Wang Q, et al. (2008) Analysis of CD137 and CD137L expression in human primary tumor tissues. Croat Med J. 49(2): 192-200.
  • Melero I, et al. (2008) Multi-layered action mechanisms of CD137 (4-1BB)-targeted immunotherapies. Trends Pharmacol Sci. 29(8): 383-90.
  • Thum E, et al. (2009) CD137, implications in immunity and potential for therapy. Front Biosci. 14: 4173-88.